×

Resources

Chancellor Kwasi Kwarteng’s Fiscal Statement – Sept 2022

Resources

Chancellor Kwasi Kwarteng’s Fiscal Statement – Sept 2022

Dubbed by many as a ‘mini Budget’, Kwasi Kwarteng used his first fiscal statement to unveil an unexpectedly wide range of measures. It contained a number of surprises and the largest package of tax cuts seen for many years. Here we've summarised the key announcements and their implications for businesses and individuals.

Update 17 October 2022

Replacing Kwasi Kwarteng as Chancellor, Jeremy Hunt issued a Fiscal statement on 17 October. These revoked many of the measures from Kwasi Kwarteng’s September statement. You can read the latest position here – Chancellor Jeremy Hunt’s Fiscal Statement.

Update 3 October 2022

On 3 October the Chancellor announced that his previously proposed removal of the additional rate of income tax would now not go ahead. We have updated this summary to reflect the latest changes.

Introduction

Kwasi Kwarteng’s first set piece as Chancellor of the Exchequer was never going to be easy. Even before the 0.5% increase in interest rates the day before, Prime Minister Liz Truss had revealed much of what we might expect before Mr Kwarteng spoke a word. We therefore knew that there would be:

Nevertheless, Mr Kwarteng’s launch of ‘The Growth Plan’ contained a number of surprises, including the reversal of recent changes to IR35.

In this summary:

Economic Update

Tax Announcements

Other Announcements

The energy price schemes

Summary

Economic Update

The Chancellor launched his Growth Plan against a challenging economic backdrop.

Inflation and interest rates

Inflation is currently running at an annual 9.9% and on Thursday 22 September, the Bank of England announced its seventh consecutive increase in bank rate to 2.25%. In its latest Monetary Policy Report, the Bank of England said that it expected inflation to peak in October 2022 at just under 11% and remain above 10% over the following few months before starting to fall back.  

Government borrowing

High inflation and rapidly rising interest rates are taking their toll on public finances. The latest estimates from the Office for National Statistics (ONS) show Government borrowing for August 2022 to be almost twice the figure projected by the Office for Budget Responsibility (OBR) six months ago. Total Government debt now amounts to £2,427.5 billion, equivalent to 96.6% of gross domestic product (GDP). Servicing costs on that debt pile, which have been driven upwards by the cost of servicing gilts linked to the retail prices index (RPI), could reach £100bn in 2022/23.

Recession

Ahead of the Chancellor’s statement, there was some discussion about the Bank of England and the Government pulling in opposite economic directions. The bank wants to slow the economy to subdue inflation predicting that the economy would shrink in the third quarter. That would be the second successive quarterly decline, meeting one common definition of a recession.

However, both 10 and 11 Downing Street are focused on economic growth as a way out of the UK’s long-lasting economic malaise, hence the ‘The Growth Plan’ branding of today’s statement and an extra £72.4 billion of Government borrowing in the current financial year.

In the following days the markets reacted badly to the Chancellor’s statement and sterling fell dramatically against the dollar. Many anticipate the Bank of England will raise interest rates even further and more rapidly in response.

Tax Announcements

Income Tax

The reduction in the basic rate of income tax to 19%, which was originally scheduled for 6 April 2024, will now take effect from 6 April 2023.

A four-year transition period for gift aid relief will maintain the income tax basic rate uplift at 20% until April 2027. A one-year transitional period for relief at source will allow pension schemes to continue claiming an uplift at 20% until April 2024.

These changes do not affect Scottish tax rates.

Dividend taxation

From 2023/24, the tax rates applicable to dividends will be reduced by 1.25 percentage points, taking them back to 2021/22 levels.

National Insurance Contributions

The additional 1.25 percentage points previously added to all 2022/23 Class 1 and Class 4 NIC rates will be scrapped. The change will take effect from 6 November 2022.

The 1.25% health and social care levy, due to replace the NICs increase from 2023/24, will be abandoned.

There is no change to the increased 2022/23 Class 1 primary threshold and Class 4 lower profits threshold announced in the Spring Statement 2022.

The rates and thresholds for the rest of the 2022/23 tax year for those affected are as follows:

IR35 – off-payroll working

The 2017 and 2021 reforms to the off-payroll working rules , which required employers to categorise their workers, will be repealed from 6 April 2023.

From 2023/24, workers providing their services via an intermediary, such as a personal service company, will be responsible for determining their own employment status and paying the appropriate amount of tax and NICs with risks reverting back to the pre-2017 IR35 framework.

Stamp duty land tax

Stamp duty land tax (SDLT) rates for residential property will be revised from 23 September 2022, increasing the 0% band threshold from £125,000 to £250,000.

The Government will also increase relief for first-time buyers, raising the 0% band threshold from £300,000 to £425,000 and the maximum value of property on which they can claim the relief from £500,000 to £625,000.

These changes only affect England and Northern Ireland. The Scottish Government has announced that it will set out its plans for land and buildings transaction tax as part of the normal budget process and the Welsh Government has given no information about its land transaction tax.

Corporation tax

The increases to corporation tax rates due to take effect from April 2023 will no longer take place. The main rate of corporation tax will remain at 19%.

The corresponding increase in diverted profits tax from 25% to 31% will also be cancelled from April 2023.

Furthermore, the 5% reduction in the bank corporation tax surcharge will no longer take place, meaning it will remain at 8%.

Annual investment allowance

The current £1 million level of the annual investment allowance will be made permanent.

Capital allowance – super-deduction

Some of the technical provisions for the super-deduction will be amended to ensure that the relief continues to operate as intended, despite the cancellation of the corporation tax increase.

Company Share Option Plan

From April 2023, qualifying companies will be able to issue up to £60,000 of Company Share Option Plan (CSOP) options to employees, doubling the current limit. The ‘worth having’ restriction on share classes within the CSOP will be eased, better aligning the scheme rules with the rules in the Enterprise Management Incentive (EMI) scheme and widening access to CSOP for growth companies.

Venture capital schemes

From April 2023, companies will be able to raise up to £250,000 of seed enterprise investment scheme (SEIS) investment – a £100,000 increase on the current limit. At the same time:

The SEIS, enterprise investment scheme (EIS) and venture capital trust (VCT) scheme will now be extended beyond 2025.

Office of Tax Simplification

The Office of Tax Simplification (OTS) will be abolished, to be replaced with a mandate to the Treasury and HMRC to focus on simplifying the tax code.

Other announcements

Investment zones

The Government will work with the devolved administrations and local partners to introduce investment zones across the UK. These zones will have a range of benefits, including:

The following are among the ten-year tax-incentives that are being considered for England:

The investment zones will be developed alongside the existing freeports programme.

Infrastructure planning reform

The Planning and Infrastructure Bill will accelerate major infrastructure projects across England by streamlining the regulatory and consent processes involved.

The Government will work with the devolved administrations in relation to devolved planning responsibilities.

Pensions cap charge

Regulations will be introduced to remove ‘well-designed performance fees’ from the occupational defined contribution pension charge cap.

VAT-free shopping

A new shopping scheme free from any value added tax (VAT) will be developed for overseas visitors to Great Britain. This will enable them to obtain a VAT refund on goods bought in the high street, airports and other departure points and exported from the UK in their personal baggage. A consultation will gather views on the approach and design of the scheme, to be delivered as soon as possible.

Childcare reform

The Government has promised to bring forward reforms to improve access to affordable and flexible childcare.

Universal Credit

From January 2023, the administrative earnings threshold (AET) will increase to 15 hours a week at national living wage (£9.50 an hour) for an individual claimant and 24 hours a week for couples. This follows on from the increase to 12 hours for individuals and 19 hours for couples coming into effect from 26 September 2022.

Alongside the changes to the AET, the sanctions regime will be strengthened to set clear work expectations. Claimants could have their benefits reduced if they do not fulfil their job-search commitment without good reason.

Work coach support for over 50s

Additional work coach support will be provided to new eligible over 50s claimants and – for the first time – to over 50s who are long-term unemployed.

The Government will work with the Northern Ireland Civil Service to determine the most suitable arrangements for Northern Ireland in due course.

The Energy Price Schemes

By the time the Chancellor spoke, the Government had already announced two separate schemes aimed at limiting the impact of soaring gas and electricity prices.

The domestic energy scheme

The Prime Minister set out a range of measures on 8 September to protect domestic consumers from the £3,549 Ofgem utility price cap originally due to take effect for three months from 1 October:

The non-domestic energy scheme

On 21 September, the Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy (BEIS) revealed details of its Energy Bill Relief Scheme (EBRS) for businesses, public bodies, charities and other non-domestic energy users.

The scheme applies to non-domestic customers who are:

The EBRS will operate by reducing the estimated wholesale element of unit prices to Government supported price levels, subject to a maximum discount per unit.

For comparison, the BEIS estimates that the wholesale costs in England, Scotland and Wales for this winter are currently expected to be around 60p/kWh for electricity and 18p/kWh for gas.

Further details about the EBRS include:

Summary

As we usually say after a Chancellor’s announcement, the devil is in the detail. Over the coming days The Treasury will release the papers behind the Chancellor’s headlines and we will be closely monitoring what these mean for our clients. 

Given the Markets initial reaction, and potential further increases in interest rates, we will be following all the developments and sharing our conclusions and advice here on our website and in our conversations with clients.

Can we help?

In the meantime, if you wish to discuss how the Chancellor’s Statement will impact you, please do talk with your usual Shipleys’ contact or one of our offices.  


Note

This summary is based on the Chancellor’s Fiscal Statement on 23 September 2022 and supplemented by information from official publications. It reflects our understanding of proposed changes to tax law and practice at the date of publication, but is not a complete and definitive guide. The Government’s proposals may be amended.

Specific advice should therefore be obtained before taking action, or refraining from taking action, on the basis of this information.

© 2022 Shipleys LLP

Current Issues

Front of a wooden house with dashed lines vertically and horizontally across it.

Making your inheritance tax allowances count

More and more estates are now subject to paying inheritance tax (IHT), but much can be done to mitigate liability by using the available allowances.

Chancellor Jeremy Hunt’s Autumn Statement: 17 November 2022

An overview of the key announcements and their implications for businesses and individuals.

Share options demystified for fast-growth start-ups and growing businesses

A helpful overview of share options, the schemes available and pitfalls to be aware of.